||Number of Pages
|Geology and Earth Science
||D. Pirrie, A. Ruffell and L.A. Dawson
||The Geological Society of London
||Environmental and Criminal Geoforensics
Author: D. Pirrie, A. Ruffell and L.A. Dawson
Description: Geological techniques are widely used in two aspects of serious criminal investigations: (1) the search for clandestine burial sites, based on near-surface geophysics or through the detection of decomposition signals and (2) the analysis of trace evidence to identify its source location or test the possible association between the trace evidence and a known location of an offence. Although geoforensics is used in such investigations world-wide there are still considerable gaps in the published literature. In addition, there is increasing concern regarding the illegal release of wastes either into the atmosphere, water courses or on to the land surface, and a growing realization that the techniques used in criminal forensics are equally useful in the investigation of environmental crime. This book bridges the gap between environmental and criminal geoforensics with conceptual, methodological and case study contributions. This demonstrates the significant potential that geoforensics holds for investigating and regulatory officers.
Table of Content: Pirrie, D., Ruffell, A. & Dawson, L. A. Environmental and criminal geoforensics: an introduction Bowen, A. M. & Caven, E. A. Forensic provenance investigations of soil and sediment samples Bergslien, E. T. X-ray diffraction and field portable X-ray fluorescence analysis and screening of soils: project design Pirrie, D., Rollinson, G. K., Power, M. R. & Webb, J. Automated forensic soil mineral analysis; testing the potential of lithotyping Guedes, A., Murray, R. C., Ribeiro, H., Santovaia, H., Valentim, B., Rodrigues, A., Leal, S. & Noronha, F. The potential application of magnetic susceptibility as a technique for soil forensic examinations Di Maggio, R. M. & Nuccetelli, L. Analysis of geological trace evidence in a case of criminal damage to graves Isphording, W. C. Using soil mineral signatures to confirm sources of industrial contaminant trespass Carvalho, Á., Ribeiro, H., Guedes, A., Abreu, I. & Noronha, F. Geological and palynological characterization of a river beach in Portugal for forensic purposes Guedes, A., Murray, R. C., Ribeiro, H., Rodrigues, A., Valentim, B., Santovaia, H. & Noronha, F. Integration of different sediment characteristics to discriminate between sources of coastal sediments McKinley, J. How useful are databases in environmental and criminal forensics? Eby, G. N. Instrumental neutron activation analysis (INAA) and forensic applications Purvis, O. W., Williamson, B. J., Spiro, B., Udachin, V., Mikhailova, I. N. & Dolgopolova, A. Lichen monitoring as a potential tool in environmental forensics: case study of the Cu smelter and former mining town of Karabash, Russia Ruffell, A., Pirrie, D. & Power, M. R. Issues and opportunities in urban forensic geology Ruffell, A. Solid and drift geology in forensic investigations Donnelly, L. & Harrison, M. Geomorphological and geoforensic interpretation of maps, aerial imagery, conditions of diggability and the colour-coded RAG prioritization system in searches for criminal burials Donnelly, L. The design and implementation of a high-assurance forensic geology and police search following the discovery of the Staffordshire (Anglo Saxon) Gold Hoard Larizza, M. & Forbes, S. L. Detection of fatty acids in the lateral extent of the cadaver decomposition island Lowe, A. C., Beresford, D. V., Carter, D. O., Gaspari, F., OBrien, R. C. & Forbes, S. L. Ground penetrating radar use in three contrasting soil textures in southern Ontario Hansen, J. D. & Pringle, J. K. Comparison of magnetic, electrical and ground penetrating radar surveys to detect buried forensic objects in semi-urban and domestic patio environments Richardson, T. & Cheetham, P. N. The effectiveness of geophysical techniques in detecting a range of buried metallic weapons at various depths and orientations Index