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Geothermal Power Generation 1st Edition Developments and Innovation

Subject ISBN Author Publisher Number of Pages Title Year Price
Materials Science 9780081003374 Ron DiPippo Woodhead Publishing 854 Geothermal Power Generation 1st Edition Developments and Innovation 2016 $ 210.00
Author: Ron DiPippo
Description: Geothermal Power Generation: Developments and Innovation provides an update to the advanced energy technologies that are urgently required to meet the challenges of economic development, climate change mitigation, and energy security. As geothermal resources are considered renewable and can be used to generate baseload electricity while producing very low levels of greenhouse gas emissions, they can play a key role in future energy needs. This book, edited by a highly respected expert, provides a comprehensive overview of the major aspects of geothermal power production. The chapters, contributed by specialists in their respective areas, cover resource discovery, resource characterization, energy conversion systems, and design and economic considerations. The final section provides a range of fascinating case studies from across the world, ranging from Larderello to Indonesia. Users will find this to be an essential text for research and development professionals and engineers in the geothermal energy industry, as well as postgraduate researchers in academia who are working on geothermal energy.
Table of Content: Related titles Woodhead Publishing Series in Energy Author biographies Preface 1. Introduction to geothermal power generation Part One. Resource exploration, characterizationand evaluation 2. Geology of geothermal resources 2.1. Introduction 2.2. Heat flow and plate tectonics 2.3. Geologic techniques 2.4. Hydrothermal alteration 2.5. Volcanic-hosted systems 2.6. Sediment-hosted geothermal systems 2.7. Extensional tectonic geothermal systems 2.8. Unconventional geothermal resources 2.9. Conclusions 3. Geophysics and resource conceptual models in geothermal exploration and development 3.1. Introduction 3.2. Geophysics in the context of geothermal decision risk assessment 3.3. Geothermal resource conceptual models 3.4. Geothermal resource models with elements that differ from those in Fig. 3.1 3.5. Formation properties and geophysical methods 3.6. Choosing geophysical methods and designing surveys for geothermal applications 3.7. Resistivity methods 3.8. MT surveys 3.9. TEM resistivity sounding for correction of MT static distortion 3.10. Awibengkok MT model and validation 3.11. Using MT to build conceptual models and define resource areas and targets 3.12. Deep low-resistivity zones 3.13. Gravity methods for exploration and development 3.14. Magnetic methods 3.15. Seismic monitoring 3.16. Reflection/refraction seismic methods 3.17. Borehole wireline logs 3.18. SP method 3.19. Geophysics management issues 4. Application of geochemistry to resource assessment and geothermal development projects 4.1. Introduction 4.2. Early-phase resource assessment 4.3. Contributions to conceptual models 4.4. Geochemical contributions to geothermal power project design 4.5. Geochemical tools for geothermal reservoir operation and maintenance 4.6. Summary 5. Geothermal well drilling 5.1. Introduction 5.2. Getting started 5.3. Casing design 5.4. Mud program 5.5. Directional program 5.6. Wellhead design and blow-out preventer systems 5.7. Cementing program 5.8. Cement placement 5.9. Hydraulic and bit program 5.10. Drilling curve 5.11. Mud logging 5.12. Drilling rig selection and special considerations 5.13. Cost estimate 6. Characterization, evaluation, and interpretation of well data 6.1. Upward convective flow in reservoirs 6.2. Pressure and temperature profile analysis 6.3. Injection testing 6.4. Discharge tests 6.5. Pressure transient tests 6.6. Wellbore heat loss 6.7. Summary 7. Reservoir modeling and simulation for geothermal resource characterization and evaluation 7.1. Review of resource estimation methods 7.2. Computer modeling methodology 7.3. Computer modeling process 7.4. Recent modeling experiences 7.5. Current developments and future directions Part Two. Energy conversion systems 8. Overview of geothermal energy conversion systems: Reservoir-wells-piping-plant-reinjection 8.1. Introduction 8.2. It begins with the reservoir 8.3. Getting the energy out of the reservoir 8.4. Connecting the wells to the power station 8.5. Central power station 8.6. Geofluid disposal 8.7. Conclusions and a look ahead 9. Elements of thermodynamics, fluid mechanics, and heat transfer applied to geothermal energy conversion systems 9.1. Introduction 9.2. Definitions and terminology 9.3. First law of thermodynamics for closed systems 9.4. First law of thermodynamics for open steady systems 9.5. First law of thermodynamics for open unsteady systems 9.6. Second law of thermodynamics for closed systems 9.7. Second law of thermodynamics for open systems 9.8. Exergy and exergy destruction 9.9. Thermodynamic state diagrams 9.10. Bernoulli equation 9.11. Pressure loss calculations 9.12. Principles of heat transfer applied to geothermal power plants 9.13. Example analyses for elements of geothermal power plants 9.14. Conclusions Sources of further information 10. Flash steam geothermal energy conversion systems: Single-, double-, and triple-flash and combined-cycle plants 10.1. Flash steam cycles 10.2. Mixed and combined cycles 10.3. Cogeneration and coproduction from flashed brines 10.4. Equipment research and development 10.5. Summary 11. Direct steam geothermal energy conversion systems: Dry steam and superheated steam plants 11.1. Introduction 11.2. Power cycle 11.3. Steam quality 11.4. Steam systems 11.5. Turbine-generators 11.6. Condensers 11.7. Gas removal systems 11.8. Cooling systems 11.9. Plant auxiliaries 11.10. Engineering materials 11.11. Summary 12. Total flow and other systems involving two-phase expansion 12.1. Total flow 12.2. Alternative systems for power recovery based on two-phase expansion 13. Binary geothermal energy conversion systems: Basic Rankine, dual–pressure, and dual–fluid cycles 13.1. Introduction 13.2. Binary power cycle 13.3. Binary cycle performance 13.4. Types of binary cycles 13.5. Selection of working fluid 13.6. Cycle performance comparison 13.7. Design considerations 13.8. Economic considerations 14. Combined and hybrid geothermal power systems 14.1. Introduction and definitions 14.2. General thermodynamic considerations 14.3. Combined single- and double-flash systems 14.4. Combined flash and binary systems 14.5. Geothermal-fossil hybrid systems 14.6. Geothermal-solar hybrid systems 14.7. Conclusions Nomenclature Part Three. Design and economic considerations 15. Waste heat rejection methods in geothermal power generation 15.1. Introduction: overview and scope 15.2. Condensers in geothermal power plants 15.3. Water-cooled condensers 15.4. Air-cooled condensers 15.5. Evaporative (water- and air-cooled) condensers 15.6. Concluding summary and future trends 16. Silica scale control in geothermal plants—historical perspective and current technology 16.1. Introduction 16.2. Geochemistry of silica 16.3. Thermodynamics of silica solubility 16.4. Silica precipitation kinetics 16.5. Silica scaling experience in geothermal power production 16.6. Historical techniques for silica/silicate scale inhibition 16.7. Current scale control techniques at high supersaturation 16.8. Case study for scale control in a combined-cycle plant design 16.9. Pilot-plant testing for bottoming cycle optimization 16.10. Guidelines for optimum pH-mod system design 16.11. Summary 17. Environmental benefits and challenges associated with geothermal power generation 17.1. Introduction 17.2. Environmental, social, and cultural benefits and challenges of geothermal power generation 17.3. Developing an environmentally sound and socially responsible project 17.4. Geothermal energy in the context of sustainable development 17.5. Conclusions 18. Project permitting, finance, and economics for geothermal power generation 18.1. Introduction 18.2. Finance background 18.3. Recent evidence in geothermal drilling and construction 18.4. Cost and financing issues 18.5. Permitting land use and interconnection 18.6. Long-term economic and financing security 18.7. Conclusions Part Four. Case studies 19. Larderello: 100years of geothermal power plant evolution in Italy Prologue: historical outline on geothermal development in Italy up to 1960, with particular reference to the boraciferous region 19.1. Introduction: background of geothermal power generation 19.2. 1900–1910: first experiments of geo-power generation and initial applications 19.3. 1910–1916: first geothermal power plant of the world, experimental generation, and start of geo-power production at the commercial scale 19.4. 1917–1930: consolidation of geoelectric power production at the industrial scale and start of a new technology: the direct-cycle geo-power units 19.5. 1930–1943: toward a balanced economic importance of chemical production and geo-power generation 19.6. 1944–1970: destruction, reconstruction, relaunching, and modification of the geo-power system 19.7. 1970–1990: from reinjection of spent fluids and processing of steam to the renewal of all power units and remote control of the whole generation system 19.8. 1990–2014: recent technological advancements, with special regard to the “AMIS Project,” new materials, and environmental acceptability 19.9. Other geothermal areas 20. Fifty-five years of commercial power generation at The Geysers geothermal field, California: The lessons learned 20.1. Introduction 20.2. Background 20.3. The fledgling years (1960–69) 20.4. Geothermal comes of age (1969–79) 20.5. The geothermal rush (1979–86) 20.6. The troubled era (1986–95) 20.7. The watershed years (1995–98) 20.8. Stability at last (1998–2004) 20.9. Renewed optimism (2004–15) 20.10. The future (beyond 2015) 20.11. Lessons learned 21. Indonesia: Vast geothermal potential, modest but growing exploitation 21.1. Introduction 21.2. Geological background 21.3. Vast geothermal potential 21.4. History of geothermal development in Indonesia 21.5. Geothermal law and other geothermal regulations 21.6. National energy condition and policy 21.7. Geothermal energy role in the National Energy Mix 21.8. Geothermal development plan 21.9. Geothermal exploitation growth 21.10. Challenges in geothermal development 21.11. Future planning of geothermal development 21.12. Conclusions 22. New Zealand: A geothermal pioneer expands within a competitive electricity marketplace 22.1. Reform of the NZ electricity generation and supply industry 22.2. Geothermal resource management 22.3. Geothermal: a Maori treasure being actively and innovatively used 22.4. Geothermal developments—2000 to 2015 22.5. Field review of geothermal power, tourism, and direct use developments 22.6. Geothermal outlook 23. Central and South America: Significant but constrained potential for geothermal power generation 23.1. Central America 23.2. South America 23.3. Final remarks 24. Mexico: Thirty-three years of production in the Los Azufres geothermal field 24.1. Geothermal power in Mexico 24.2. Main features of the Los Azufres field 24.3. Geothermal production 24.4. Power plants and output 24.5. Perspectives 25. Enhanced geothermal systems: Review and status of research and development 25.1. Introduction 25.2. Characterization of geothermal energy systems 25.3. Reservoir types applicable for EGS development 25.4. Treatments to enhance productivity of a priori low-permeable rocks 25.5. Environmental impact of EGS treatments 25.6. Sustainable operation 25.7. Outlook 26. Geothermal energy in the framework of international environmental law 26.1. Introduction 26.2. Environmental international law and geothermal energy 26.3. Environmental features in public and private companies developing geothermal projects; green sells 26.4. Global interest in geothermal energy 26.5. Conclusion Index

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